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Inequality In Post Apartheid South Africa

Author : Simon Schaefer
language : de
Publisher: diplom.de
Release Date : 2008-11-02

Download Inequality In Post Apartheid South Africa written by Simon Schaefer and has been published by diplom.de this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2008-11-02 with Business & Economics categories.

Inhaltsangabe:Introduction: In the course of globalisation and increasing liberalisation, the question of how the costs and benefits of these processes are shared is of special concern. Recent studies suggest that they are shared unequally. Although inequality between countries is declining, global inequality is on the rise owing to the fact that inequality within countries is increasing. These developments raise the question of how growth affects inequality and vice versa. Further it has to be explored what role governments have to play to ensure that all members of society benefit from growth. Kuznets suggested that countries would initially face rising inequality as they grow richer, however, as a certain threshold of per capita income is reached the degree of inequality would decrease. From this proposition it is easy to conclude that governments do not have to be concerned about rising inequality as it eventually will decrease once the economy has reached a certain level of economic development. It may also imply that there is a trade-off between growth and equality. More recent studies challenge Kuznets proposition. These studies indicate that high levels of inequality hamper economic growth. Yet, economic growth is an important instrument in the fight against poverty. It is assumed that economic growth creates employment opportunities and increases the scope for distributive policies and thus tends to reduce poverty. Therefore, any country that is determined to address the problem of poverty ought to pay attention to the nexus between inequality and growth. In the theoretical part of this paper, arguments that support and challenge Kuznets hypothesis are analysed. Thereafter an interesting proposition developed by Addison and Corniais presented that suggests that there may be an efficient level of inequality. From these different arguments conclusions are drawn and policy implications presented. The theoretical part does not attempt to analyse the causes of inequality. To identify the causes of inequality, it would be necessary to undertake a case-by-case analysis. The general assumption for the theoretical part is that inequality is caused by unequal access to resources as well as inadequate economic policies which can lead to persistent unemployment and poverty. Unequal access may be caused by market failures especially in the capital and labour markets, or by historical and political developments that create uneven power [...]

Political Economy Of Post Apartheid South Africa

Author : Gumede, Vusi
language : en
Publisher: CODESRIA
Release Date : 2017-05-05

Download Political Economy Of Post Apartheid South Africa written by Gumede, Vusi and has been published by CODESRIA this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2017-05-05 with Political Science categories.

The book, made up of three parts, covers a wide spectrum of political economy issues on post-apartheid South Africa. Although the text is mainly descriptive, to explain various areas of the political economy of post-apartheid South Africa, the first and the last parts provide illuminating insights on the kind of society that is emerging during the twenty-one years of democracy in the country. The book discusses important aspects of the political history of apartheid South Africa and the evolution of post-apartheid society, including an important recap of the history of southern Africa before colonialism. The text is a comprehensive description of numerous political economy phenomena since South Africa gained its political independence and covers some important themes that have not been discussed in detail in other publications on post-apartheid South Africa. The book also updates earlier work of the author on policy and law making, land and agriculture, education and training as well as on poverty and inequality in post-apartheid South Africa thereby providing a wide-ranging overview of the socio-economic development approaches followed by the successive post-apartheid administrations. Interestingly, three chapters focus on various aspects of the post-apartheid South African economy: economic policies, economic empowerment and industrial development. Through the lens of the notion of democratic developmental state and taking apartheid colonialism as a point of departure, the book suggests that, so far, post-apartheid South Africa has mixed socio-economic progress. The author’s extensive experience in the South African government ensures that the book has policy relevance while it is also theoretically sound. The text is useful for anyone who wants to understand the totality of the policies and legislation as well as the political economy interventions pursued since 1994 by the South African Government.

American Apartheid

Author : Douglas S. Massey
language : en
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Release Date : 1993

Download American Apartheid written by Douglas S. Massey and has been published by Harvard University Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1993 with Social Science categories.

This powerful and disturbing book links persistent poverty among blacks in the United States to the unparalleled degree of deliberate segregation they experience in American cities. "A major contribution to our study of both racism and poverty".--Washington Post Book World.

Essays On The Evolution Of The Post Apartheid State

Author : Mcebisi Ndletyana
language : en
Publisher: Real African Publishers
Release Date : 2015-02-01

Download Essays On The Evolution Of The Post Apartheid State written by Mcebisi Ndletyana and has been published by Real African Publishers this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2015-02-01 with Social Science categories.

This book critically examines the challenges, successes, and failures of the post-1994 South African state against the humane values enshrined in its constitution: nonracial democracy and respect for all generations of human rights—civil, political, social, economic, resources and the environment and gender and communication. The book sheds light on the difficulties faced by the State when trying to bring together a diverse society comprised of traditional South African, Western-based and "other" African (immigrant) cultures into a cohesive nation with a common South African identity. The views of the essays may not be entirely consistent and the issues they raise may be contentious. This merely affirms the truism that the State is a contested terrain. The aim of this book is to deepen the search for an understanding of the theory of the State as it applies to a transforming society such as ours and to trudge the dividing line between theory and practice so they can feed into each other in a progressive spiral towards the desired end-state.

The Rise Fall And Legacy Of Apartheid

Author : P. Eric Louw
language : en
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
Release Date : 2004

Download The Rise Fall And Legacy Of Apartheid written by P. Eric Louw and has been published by Greenwood Publishing Group this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2004 with History categories.

This book effectively documents the real story of apartheid and examines the legacy of this political strategy on South Africa.

Israel And South Africa

Author : Ilan Pappé
language : en
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
Release Date : 2015-10-15

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Within the already heavily polarised debate on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, parallels between Israel and apartheid South Africa remain highly contentious. A number of prominent academic and political commentators, including former US president Jimmy Carter and UN Special Rapporteur John Dugard, have argued that Israel's treatment of its Arab-Israeli citizens and the people of the occupied territories amounts to a system of oppression no less brutal or inhumane than that of South Africa's white supremacists. Similarly, boycott and disinvestment campaigns comparable to those employed by anti-apartheid activists have attracted growing support. Yet while the 'apartheid question' has become increasingly visible in this debate, there has been little in the way of genuine scholarly analysis of the similarities (or otherwise) between the Zionist and apartheid regimes. In Israel and South Africa, Ilan Pappé, one of Israel's preeminent academics and a noted critic of the current government, brings together lawyers, journalists, policy makers and historians of both countries to assess the implications of the apartheid analogy for international law, activism and policy making. With contributors including the distinguished anti-apartheid activist Ronnie Kasrils, Israel and South Africa offers a bold and incisive perspective on one of the defining moral questions of our age.

Against Apartheid

Author : Bill V. Mullen
language : en
Publisher: Haymarket Books
Release Date : 2015-11-02

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Focusing on the complicity of Israeli universities in maintaining the occupation of Palestine, and on the repression of academic and political freedom for Palestinians, Against Apartheid powerfully explains why scholars and students throughout the world should refuse to do business with Israeli institutions. This rich collection of essays is a handbook for scholars and activists